Remembering the great freedom fighters, who dreamt and made India a free nation. Salute to you all, because of you, we live in a powerful independent Nation. With these, I wish everyone, my fellow citizens, a HAPPY INDEPENDENCE DAY. A day to remember our martyrs, who sacrificed themselves to gift us a free country. Our Indian cinema has made numerous movies based on the Indian freedom struggle. So, here in SobiGhor today we will discuss ten best Indian movies on the Indian struggle for freedom. Here, we have not mentioned movies like “Rang de Basanti” which partially showcases Indian struggle. We are focusing completely on the movies made on freedom struggle. So, here the list goes.
1. Khelein Hum Jee Jaan Sey
Released in 2010, it is an epic action-adventure film based on the real events from Indian History. The movie was directed by Ashutosh Gowariker. And it was produced by Ajay Bijli, Sanjeev Bijli, And Sunita A. Gowariker. The movie stars an ensemble cast comprising Abhishek Bachchan, Deepika Padukone and Sikander Kher in the lead roles. The movie was made on the basis of the book “Do And Die: The Chittagong uprising 1930-34” by Manini Chatterjee. The movie depicts the story of Chittagong (now in Bangladesh), it explains about the reasons of Chittagong Uprising, where few teenagers step out to overthrow the British empire in one go but end up everything going wrong. Upon release, The movie received mixed reviews. The stellar performances by the star cast and visionary direction of Ashutosh Gowarikar made the history repeat in the screen. Making it one of the best movies made on the Indian struggle for freedom.
2. Veer Savarkar
Released in 2001, is a biographical film based on the life of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, a great revolutionary, a political prophet and a born poet. The movie was directed by Ved Rahi and was Produced by Sudhir Phadke, under the banner of Savarkar Darshan Prathisthan. The movie stars Shailendra Gaur, Surendra Mohan, Navin Parihar, Mrinal Kulkarni, Pankaj Berry, Rohitashva Gaur, Tom Alter, Bob Christo, Sunil Shinde, Arun Bakshi, Supriya Karni, Rohitash Gaur and Madhusudan Tamhane in important roles. The movie depicts the rise of Damodar Savarkar, who used to be a student and was pursuing his studies in the UK, until one day he raises his voice against wrongful acts of British in India. A movie with brilliant performances of the star cast. An epic presentation of Indian history by a regional cinema industry is remarkable. The presentation of the real-life story of this untold hero was a great task by the makers of the movie. The movie received positive reviews and was declared as a hit.
3. Mangal Pandey: The Rising
Released in 2005, a biographical film based on the life of Mangal Pandey, an Indian soldier who is referred as the first martyr of India in India’s struggle for freedom against British. The movie is directed by Ketan Mehta. And it is produced by Bobby Bedi, Ketan Mehta, and Deepa Sahi. The movie stars Amir Khan, Rani Mukherji, Amisha Patel, Kirron Kher and Toby Stephens in lead roles. The movie tells us story about Mangal Pandey, beginning from helping British to fight against British enemies, and ending by Hanging him till Death, making him a first martyr to fight for free India. Mangal Pandey is known for helping to spark The First War of Indian Independence 1857. The soundtrack and background score of the movie is given by A.R. Rehmaan. Upon release, the movie received Mixed reviews. Although the movie had a fantastic plot and some stellar performances from the star cast. The movie wasn’t a commercial success. But still, it is one of the best movies depicting the history of British India.
Released in 2012, it is another historical war drama film based on the Chittagong uprising. The movie was produced and directed by Bedabrata Pain. It stars Manoj Bajpayee, Vega Tamotia, Sauraseni Maitra, Jaideep Ahlawat and Alexx O Nell in prominent roles. The movie is based upon events of British India’s (now in Bangladesh) Chittagong Uprising. A team of teenagers led by Surya Sen played by Manoj Bajpayee, who tends to attack a British police outpost to loot ammunitions, which again will be used to fight against British. The movie also mentions the aftermath of the uprising. The film features music composed by Shankar Ehsaan Loy and background score by Resul Pookutty. The movie had a great response and positive reviews from audiences and critics that made it a successful movie. This is mentioned as the best movie made on crucial Chittagong uprising, the uprising which had a great impact in Indian freedom struggle. This movie won the 60th National Film Award for the Best Debut Film of a Director.
5. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose: The Forgotten Hero
Released in 2004, it is a biographical war film based on the real-life incidents of Subash Chandra Bose, a freedom fighter, and leader often referred as Netaji. The movie is written and directed by Shyam Benegal. The movie was produced by Raj Pius and Barbara von Wrangel. The film stars Sachin Khedekar, Kulbhushan Kharbanda, Rajit Kapur, Arif Zakaria, and Divya Dutta in prominent roles. The film depicts the parts of the life of Subhas Chandra Bose, that includes his time spent in Nazi Germany, during (1941–1943), his time spent In Japanese-occupied Asia during (1943–1945), and the events that made him lead to form Azad Hind Fauj. The beautiful soundtrack and background score were composed by A. R. Rahman. Upon release, the film received reviews and was declared a hit. The movie bagged several national and international awards, this includes National Film Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration and the National Film Award for Best Production Design. This movie is mentioned as a movie that depicts the life of Netaji so closely. Sachin Khadekar’s brilliant performance made Netaji live on screens.
Released in 1993, it is a biographical drama film based on the life of the Iron man of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. He is referred as one of India’s greatest freedom fighters. The movie was directed by Ketan Mehta. And it was produced by H. M. Patel. The movie was written by Vijay Tendulkar. The film stars Paresh Rawal in lead role as Sardar, with Annu Kapoor, Benjamin Gilani, and Tom Alter playing important roles. The movie depicts the life of Sardar vallabhai Patel from his youth when he uses to ignore the views of Mahatma Gandhi, and then his change of views for Gandhi to his active participation in Indian Freedom struggle. The diplomacy and management of Sardar vallabhai Patel for princely states to join India after independence are also mentioned in the movie. The movie encompasses complete detail of Patel’s life for what he was one of the greatest freedom fighters. The movie received positive reviews and was loved across the nation. Paresh Rawal’s stellar performance made the movie a biographical classic, and one of the best-made biopics on a freedom fighter. It bagged the National Award for best film on National Integration.
Released in 1996, it is an epic historical period drama film based on the life of freedom fighters who were incarcerated in prison during the British Raj. The movie is directed by Priyadarshan. And produced by Mohanlal and R, Mohan under the banner of pranavam Arts. The film stars Mohanlal, Prabhu Ganesan, Tabu, Amrish Puri, Nedumudi Venu, Sreenivasan, Tinnu Anand, Annu Kapoor, Alex Draper, and Vineeth. The soothing music of the movie was composed by legendary music director Ilaiyaraaja. The film is about the lives of prisoners in British India who are brought to Kalapani, the Cellular Jail in Port Blair, Andaman, and the Nicobar Islands. It was a huge hit, everything was in the movie, form dedicated performances of star cast, direction, music and technical efforts. Kaalapani is regarded as one of the classics in Indian cinema. Originally produced in Malayalam, the film was also dubbed and released in Hindi as Saza-E-Kala Pani. Later it was dubbed in Tamil as Siraichalai, and in Telugu as Kaala Pani. The film won three National Film Awards. including the awards for Best Art Direction to Sabu Cyril, Best Special Effects to S. T. Venky, and Best Cinematography to Santosh Sivan. It also won six Kerala State Film Awards.
Released in 1965, Shaheed is a biographical movie based on Bhagat Singh’s life. The movie was directed by S. Ram Sharma and produced by Kewal Kashyap. The film stars an ensemble cast of Manoj Kumar, Kamini Kaushal, Pran, Iftekhar, Nirupa Roy, Prem Chopra, Madan Puri and Anwar Hussain in lead roles. The heart touching music of the movie was given by Prem Dhawan. The movie also picturizes the several real songs written by freedom fighter Ram Prasad Bismil. The movie depicts the story of Bhagat Singh’s life, from the phase when his brother gets arrested for speaking against the British, and he develops a wish to join the rebel groups to make India free. Shaheed was a huge success of 1965. The stellar performance of Manoj Kumar made Shaheed as the first super hit movie of his series of Patriotic films. Shaheed is mentioned as, One of the most prominent Indian patriotic movies based on the Indian independence movement. At the 13th National Film Awards, Shaheed bagged the award for Best Feature Film in Hindi, the Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration and National Award for Best Screenplay for B. K. Dutt and Din Dayal Sharma.
9. The Legend of Bhagat Singh
Released in 2002, is another biographical film based on the life of Bhagat Singh, a socialist revolutionary who fought for Indian independence along with fellow members. The film is directed by Rajkumar Santoshi. The movie was Produced by Kumar and Ramesh Taurani under the banner of Tips Industries Limited. The movie features Ajay Devgn, Sushant Singh, D. Santosh, Akhilendra Mishra, Raj Babbar, Farida Jalal and Amrita Rao in important roles. The film tells us the storyline of Bhagat’s life from his childhood to until the day he was hanged – 23 March 1931. The patriotic and heart touching soundtracks of the movie were composed by A. R. Rahman. Rahman’s work for “Mera Rang De Basanti” and “Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna” was highly appreciated, and these soundtracks became a lot popular. Upon release, the movie received positive reviews. Alongside Ajay Devgan’s performance, The direction, story, screenplay, technical work of the movie is highly appreciated. The movie bagged two National Film Awards and three Filmfare awards, this includes National Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi and National Award for Best Actor to Ajay Devgan.
Before we mention the top pick here are a few honorable mentions.
Shaheed Udham Singh
Starring: Raj Babbar, Juhi Chawla, and Gurdaas Maan
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
Starring: Mammootty, Sonali Kulkarni, and Mohan Gokhale
Director: Jabbar Patel
23rd March 1931: Shaheed
Starring: Bobby Deol, Sunny Deol, and Amrita Singh
Director: Guddu Dhanoa
Released in 1982, is an epic historical drama film based on the life of Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of India’s non-violent, non-cooperative independence movement against the British. The movie was produced and directed by Richard Attenborough. The movie is produced together by British and Indian production companies together, these companies are Goldcrest Films, International Film Investors, National Film Development Corporation of India And Indo-British Films. The screenplay was written by John Briley. The movie stars Ben Kingsley in lead role portraying Mahatma Gandhi, with Candice Bergen, Edward Fox, John Gielgud, Trevor Howard, John Mills and Martin Sheen playing pivotal roles. The film depicts entire Gandhi’s life from his childhood, his South African experience in train for being in a whites-only compartment, his nonviolent views, his influence in Indian struggle and with ending with his assassination and funeral in 1948. The movie was a huge success worldwide. It was nominated for Academy Awards in eleven categories, winning eight, including Best Picture and Best Director for Attenborough, Best Actor for Ben Kingsley, and Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen for Briley.
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